Let’s talk about how to make biryani masala. Biryani masala is a special mix of flavors used in the popular Indian dish called biryani. Biryani is a tasty rice dish from India known for its rich and fragrant taste. The masala used in biryani gives it a unique flavor and smell.

Biryani masala usually includes a mix of whole and ground spices. Some common spices used in biryani masala are cumin seeds, coriander seeds, black peppercorns, cardamom pods, cinnamon sticks, cloves, and bay leaves. These spices are famous for their nice smells and they add depth and complexity to the dish.

To make biryani masala, the spices are usually dry roasted in a pan to release their natural oils and enhance their flavors. After roasting, the spices are ground into a fine powder using a spice grinder or a mortar and pestle. This homemade masala powder can be stored in an airtight container for later use or added directly to the biryani while cooking.

In addition to the basic spices, some variations of biryani masala might also include ingredients like nutmeg, mace, fennel seeds, or dried chili peppers, depending on regional preferences and personal taste. The proportions of the spices can also vary, allowing you to customize the masala to your liking.

Biryani masala is a crucial part of making biryani and is mixed into the dish along with other ingredients like meat, rice, and yogurt. It infuses the dish with its aromatic and spicy flavors, creating a delightful blend of tastes that make biryani a beloved and well-known dish.

By making your own biryani masala at home, you can have more control over the flavors and customize it to match your preferences. This lets you experiment and create your own unique blend of spices, making your biryani truly special.

How to make Biryani Masala

Homemade Biryani masala
Homemade Biryani masala

Cooking biryani masala is like taking a fun food journey. First, pick your favorite spices. Then, learn how to dry roast them just right, and grind them until they’re perfect. So, get ready to cook biryani masala and have a tasty adventure!


  • 1 tablespoon cumin seeds
  • 1 tablespoon black peppercorns
  • 1 tablespoon fennel seeds
  • 1 teaspoon dried fenugreek leaves (Kasuri methi)
  • 1 teaspoon Kashmiri red chili powder (for color)
  • 2 tablespoons coriander seeds
  • 1 teaspoon whole black peppercorns
  • 1 teaspoon red chili powder
  • 2 black cardamom pods
  • 5 green cardamom pods
  • 4 cloves
  • 1 teaspoon dried mint leaves
  • 2-inch cinnamon stick
  • 1 teaspoon turmeric powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon mace powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon nutmeg powder
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 star anise (optional)

Here are the instructions

  1. Heat a pan on medium heat and add coriander seeds, cumin seeds, fennel seeds, black peppercorns, green cardamom pods, black cardamom pods, cloves, a cinnamon stick, more black peppercorns, a bay leaf, and star anise (if you want). Toast the spices for about 2-3 minutes until they become fragrant and slightly darker. Stir continuously to prevent burning.
  2. Remove the spices from the heat and let them cool completely.
  3. Once cooled, transfer the toasted spices to a spice grinder or use a mortar and pestle to grind them into a fine powder.
  4. Add turmeric powder, red chili powder, Kashmiri red chili powder, dried mint leaves, dried fenugreek leaves, nutmeg powder, and mace powder to the ground spice mixture. Mix everything together well.
  5. Your homemade biryani masala is ready! Store it in an airtight container in a cool, dry place for future use.

Note: The amounts provided are merely guidelines that can be changed to suit your personal preferences. To make your own special biryani masala blend, feel free to play around with the ratios and spices. This savory biryani masala can now be used to improve the flavor of your biryani meals. Enjoy making homemade biryani and indulging in its mouthwatering flavors!


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